Antietam Valley Animal Hospital’s Monthly Newsletter,

ISSUE # 3, November 2000
In this issue….
Coccidia
Something Natural
Biscuit Recipe
Did you know?
Fiber Formula Cat Treats
Breed Rescue & Adoption 
Featured Website
Fun Facts


 
** COCCIDIA **

Coccidia are microscopic parasites that commonly infect the intestines of dogs and cats.  Isospora canis and Isospora felis are the forms of the parasite that most often infect dogs and cats.  However, Cryptosporidium and Toxoplasma are other forms of coccidia that may also infect dogs, cats, other animals and even people.
 
Coccidiosis rarely affects a healthy dog or cat significantly, but it can lead to gastrointestinal problems. Puppies and kittens are more at risk for serious infection.  Clinical signs can include watery diarrhea, weight loss, dehydration, decreased or absent appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain, anemia, mental depression, and rarely death. Transmission of coccidia begins when the immature coccidia, or oocysts, are passed in the feces from an infected dog or cat into the environment, where they mature and can be ingested by another animal. Transmission also can occur when a dog or cat eats an animal such as a rodent that has been infected with the Isospora parasite.

To diagnose coccidiosis, your veterinarian or veterinary technician will perform a fecal flotation in which a stool sample is evaluated under a microscope for the presence of parasites. Coccidia may be difficult to detect because these parasites are very small compared to the eggs passed from intestinal worms such as roundworms.  

Treatment involves the use of drugs called sulfonamides, which are antibiotics that decrease the numbers of coccidia. This medication is given for 10 to 14 days after which a stool sample is checked.  Occasionally, a second course of antibiotics is required.  The key to prevention is proper sanitation to ensure that the environment is free of feces. Once the Isospora are passed in the feces, they can quickly develop into the infective stage, so rapid removal of the feces is very important. Mature oocysts of Isospora are resistant to most cleaning products and can survive for months to years in the environment. However, the use of strong ammonia-containing compounds and steam cleaning kills the infectious oocysts.  In addition, dogs and cats should not be permitted to ingest rodents, since rodents may be carriers of the parasites.

 

**SOMETHING NATURAL**
Try this home remedy to get the WAX out of your pet’s ears.
Combine 
1/8 teaspoon lavender essential oil, 
¾ cup witch hazel extract, 
1 tablespoon powdered boric acid 
and ¼ cup aloe vera juice.
Wet the ear canal with the mixture and massage the ear at the base.
Remove the excess liquid with a cotton ball.
Stand back while your pet shakes.
Clean both ears every other week or as needed when wax builds up.

Fido's Favorite Treats

1 cup uncooked Oatmeal
1 tblsp. Bouillon Granules (any flavor) 
3/4 cup Powdered Milk 
1 Egg
1/3 cup Butter or Margarine
½ cup Hot Water 
¾ cup Cornmeal 
3 cups Whole Wheat Flour
Egg Wash—1 egg beaten with 1 tblsp. water

In a large bowl pour hot water over oatmeal, margarine, and bouillon granules: let stand 5 minutes. Stir in powdered milk, cornmeal and egg. Add flour, 1/2 cup at a time, mixing well after each addition. Knead 3 to 4 minutes, adding more flour if necessary to make very stiff dough. Pat or roll dough to 1/2-inch thickness. Cut into bone shapes and place on a greased baking sheet. Brush with Egg Wash.Bake in a 325-degree oven for 50 minutes. Turn off the oven and allow to dry until hard. 

Store Airtight


**DID YOU KNOW?**
B vitamins help to maintain the health ofnerves, skin, eyes, hair, liver and mouth, as well as healthy muscle tone in the gastrointestinal tract and proper brain function. B-complex vitamins are coenzymes involved in energy production, and may even be useful for alleviating anxiety.There are no side effects so you can feel comfortable giving your canine and feline companions this vitamin supplement.
For cats and small dogs 
give ½ of a B25; for medium dogs 
give one tablet of B25; 
and for large/giant dogs give one to two tablets of B50.
Give once or twice daily.
Please note the urine may become a “brighter” yellow while taking B vitmamins.


**NEW Stewart Fiber Formula Cat Treats**

Now available at AVAH…. Fiber Formula Cat Treats…. These treats provide a supplemental fiber source and are safe to give your cat even if s/he is on a prescription diet.Each pouch contains about 200 treats and sells for $2.95.Cats LOVE THEM and they even help control hairballs!!!Stop in for your free sample today.For more information: http://www.stewartpet.com/cattreat.htm


http://vetmedicine.about.com

Here you will find information on all aspects of veterinary medicine. You can learn about disease conditions for dogs, cats and exotics. Find out about animal behavior, parasites, drugs, pregnancy and birth, nutrition, vaccination protocols and even how to become a vet. There are forums, live chats, polls, free postcards, pet photos, free newsletters and more! Visit About.com’s featured hospitals—AVAH was featured in June 2000.PLUS you can get one-on-one advice from real experts at Expert Central.

YOUR VET, Dr. Jennifer Fry, is even one of the experts….so check it out!

.
** BREED RESCUE & ADOPTION **
Looking for a specific breed?  Want to give an abandoned, homeless, abused animal a loving home? 
Here’s a comprehensive list of breed rescue organizations that are dedicated to finding the best possible homes for such purebred dogs as well as a list of pets (dogs, cats, ferrets and other exotics) up for adoption. 

Fun Facts:
 
The world’s heaviest dog was a 343-pound Old English Mastiff  named Zorba.
 
A group of frogs is called an army.

The cheetah is the worlds fastest land animal and the only cat that can't retract its claws.

Ferrets have the largest pancreas per body weight unit than any other species.
 


Antietam Valley Animal Hospital
10 North Prospect Street
Reading, PA 19606.

We look forward to seeing you and your pet

To subscribe to the electronic version of this newsletter, please visit our website www.antietamvet.com.
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